45 AGAMS


The Jain Literature

The realm of the Jain literature is so vast and profound that even to give an ordinary and brief introduction to it, it will be necessary to write a huge volume. Mainly, there are forty five Jain Agamas philosophical works which are regarded as the most ancient and authoritative works, Not only the entire Jain Agam literature but the whole of the Jain literature has been classified into the four categories mentioned below.

1) Dravyanuyog

These works contain a detailed description and analysis of the various philosophical doctrines, discussions knowledge of doctrines, and theories. There are discussions of these things.

2) Ganitanuyog

These works contain information about mathematics, geography, astronomy, astrology etc.

3) Charankarananuyog

These works comprise a lot of information about the principles of conduct and observance, the method of living, and the way of life in this world.

4) Dharmakathanuyog

This class comprises works relating to stories, information, fables, art, literature, history, sculpture, fiction, poetry etc.

There is no subject on which Jain Acharyas, Jain Sadhus and Jain scholars have not written. Their works include history, life-sciences, the science of matter, grammer, literature, prosody, art, aesthetics, dramas, music, songs, astrology, sculpture, ayurved, physiology, psychology, politics, dictionaries, and encyclopaedias, poetry, stories etc. Just AS THE jain literature is available in Sanskrit, Prakrit, Ardhamagadhi, so also it is available in the form of published works in such regional languages as Vraj, Tamil, Kannad, Rajasthani, Gujarati, Maithili etc.

A representative Jain work.


Shri Tatvartaha Sutra.

If you desire to find in the same (grangha) work practical, critical and intellectual discussions and expositions of all the Jain Siddhantas (theories), you can find them in Shri Taatvarthadhigama Sutra or Shri Tatvartha Sutra.

This concise and comprehensive work written by Sri Bhagwan Umaswati (born 3rd century of the Vikram Era) in Samskrit, in the form of Sutras or aphorisms, has been accepted and esteemed equally by all the Jain schools of thought. In this magnificent work, we get not only a profound and incisive analysis of the philosophical doctrines of Jainism but also simple, easy explanations, with commentaries, of the principles of practical life and the spiritual endeavours for everyday life. This grantha divided into 10 chapters contains about 344 aphorisms. This grantha contains commentaries for the most part. Please have a glimpse of the Tatavartha Sutra.

Chapter Sutra Contents

1 35 The path of salvation; a discussion of theories; Nikshep; knowledge, Naya etc.

2 52 A discussion of thoughts; righteousness, life, senses, mind, awareness etc., (a detailed discussion of these things)

3 18 A detailed description of Hell and its torments. A description of islands, seas, mountains, men, earth, etc. A
description of the Jain geography.

4 53 Heavenly beings, heaven - life - span - Leshya etc. - a description of these things.

5 44 A detailed description of Astikay. Time, Anu and Paramanu (the atoms and minute atoms) and Pudgals and the science of
substances.

6 26 A detailed study of the subject of the bondage of Karma.

7 34 A discussion of the thoughts and vows of the life of Shravaks.

8 26 Bondage, Asrav, Nirjara etc., explained fully.

9 49 A discussion of the principle of Samvar. A discussion relating to Dharma dhyan (a contemplation of Dharma).

10 7 A description of Moksha and Shukladhyan or the sublime meditation.


-- 1. SRI NANDISUTRA
-- 2. SRI ANUYOGDWAR SUTRA
-- 3. SRI DASVAIKALIK SUTRA
-- 4. SRI UTHRADHYAN SUTRA
-- 5. SRI AOGNIRYUKTI SUTRA
-- 6. SRI AAVASYAK SUTRA
-- 7. SRI NISHITHCHEDH SUTRA
-- 8. SRI VYAWAHARKALPA SUTRA
-- 9. SRI DASASHRUTSKHAND SUTRA
-- 10. SRI PANCHKALPACHEDH SUTRA
-- 11. SRI JITPANCHKALPACHEDH SUTRA
-- 12. SRI MAHANISHITHCHEDH SUTRA
-- 13. SRI CHATU: SHARANPRAKIRNAK SUTRA
-- 14. SRI AATURPRATYAKHAN SUTRA
-- 15. SRI BHAKTAPARIGYA SUTRA
-- 16. SRI SANSTARAKPRAKIRNAK SUTRA
-- 17. SRI TANDULVAITHALIK SUTRA
-- 18. SRI CHANDRAVADHYAKPRAKIRNAK SUTRA
-- 19. SRI DEVANDRASTAVPRAKIRNAK SUTRA
-- 20. SRI MARANSAMADHI SUTRA
-- 21. SRI MAHAPRATYAKHAN SUTRA
-- 22. SRI GANIVIDYAPRAKIRNAK SUTRA
-- 23. SRI ACHARANG SUTRA
-- 24. SRI SUTRAKRUTANG SUTRA
-- 25. SRI STHANANG SUTRA
-- 26. SRI SAMVAYANG SUTRA
-- 27. SRI BAHGAVATHI SUTRA
-- 28. SRI GNATANG SUTRA
-- 29. SRI UPASHAKDASANG SUTRA
-- 30. SRI ANTHKRUDDASANG SUTRA
-- 31. SRI ANUTROPPATHIK SUTRA
-- 32. SRI PRASHNAVYAKRAN SUTRA
-- 33. SRI VIPAKANG SUTRA
-- 34. SRI UPPATHIK SUTRA
-- 35. SRI RAJPRASHNIYA SUTRA
-- 36. SRI JAVABHIGAM SUTRA
-- 37. SRI PRAGYAPANOPANG SUTRA
-- 38. SRI SURYAPRAGYAPTI SUTRA
-- 39. SRI JAMBUDWEEPPRAGYAPTI SUTRA
-- 40. SRI CHANDRAPRAGYAPTI SUTRA
-- 41. SRI KALPAVATSHAK SUTRA
-- 42. SRI NIRYAVALI SUTRA
-- 43. SRI PUSHPACHULIKA SUTRA
-- 44. SRI VAHIDASOPANG SUTRA
-- 45. SRI PUSPIKOPANG SUTRA