Bhavana means the contemplations by means of which you impel
your soul to carry out lofty reflections. The bhavanas are of
(1) ANITYA BHAVANA:
All external substances including the body are transitory (Anitya).
They are perishable; therefore, why should we have attachment
(2) ASARAN BHAVANA:
Seeking the refuge of Dharma. Human beings are experiencing tremendous
agitations like a deer in the claws of a hungry lion. Such things
as the emergence of sinful karmas such as ashata are compared
to the lion. When death occurs; when the soul has to leave the
body, there is no one who can save the jiva who is helpless. Wealth,
family etc. have to be given up at such a time. Dharma is the
(3) SAMSAR BHAVANA:
In the cycle of samsar mother can become wife; wife can become
mother; and an enemy can become a friend etc. how futile is samsar!
Why should we have attachment for it? Oh! Birth, old age, death,
disease, killing, bondage, desire, displeasure etc. are the sorrows
that abound in Samsar. Developing the spiritual power of renunciation
by such contemplations.
(4) EKATVA BHAVANA:
“I am alone, I am born alone, I die alone, I am sick alone,
I have to suffer alone, I have to experience the karmas, I have
earned alone”. Therefore, one should be cautious and keep
away from attachment and hatred and then one should become free
from attachment and interests. This is Ekatva Bhavana.
(5) ANYATVA BHAVANA:
“This body is transitory, without base, without roots and
it is different from me; it is not myself, I am always the pure
soul which is not perishable and which is the mine of knowledge.
Even wealth, family etc., are absolutely not mine; they are different
from me; therefore I discard attachment for all these things.”
(6) ASUCHI BHAVANA:
This body is made up of impure substance. It is being nourished
by impure substances and it pollutes food, drink and anything
that is smeared to it. I will discard my attachments for this
body and engage myself in self-discipline, renunciation and spiritual
(7) ASRAVA BHAVANA:
Thinking of the passages of sins. Every Asrava is tremendously
harmful. We should think of this ,thus: “Just as a river
carries away grass: in the same manner, the various sense organs
and other Asravas carry thejive towards spiritual ruin. On account
of this, we have to gather many karamas. So I will discard it.”
(8) SAMVAR BHAVANA:
Samvar means blocking the passage of sins. One must think of the
tremendous benefits of each samvar. Thus, “Oh! How magnificent
are the samvars like samthi, Gupti, yathidharma etc. one must
carry out these activities and try to reduce or to get rid of
the bondages of Karama.
(9) NIRJARA BHAVANA:
One must think of the benefits that accrue from each of the 12
kinds of Tapas or the austerities. One must think thus: “On
account of dependence and because of bearing with vexations involuntarily
karmas cannot be fully destroyed. Karmas can be fully destroyed
by means of austerities both internal and external. In this manner,
one should carry out a contemplation on the way to destroy sins.
(10) LOKASWABHAVA BHAVANA: This means one must contemplate on
the three Lokaswabhavas namely – The upper world, the middle
world and the nether world and the whole universe filled with
jivas and pudgals.
One must contemplate on the principles of production existence
and duration, Samsar, Moksha etc. and must chasten renunciation
and spiritual knowledge.
(11) BODHIDURLABH BHAVANA : One must carry out this contemplation,
“How difficult of attainment is the Jin Dharma for jivas
that are wandering aimlessly in the four stages of existence in
the Samsar? There should be not even the slightest negligence
when this Bodhi has been attained.
(12) DHARMA SWAKHYATA BHAVANA : “Oh : Arihant Bhagwan,
the omniscient has expounded an excellent Shrutha Dharma and Charitra
Dharma. I will engage myself in these Dharmas”. He should
carry out this contemplation again and again according to opportunity
and necessity. One should investigate these contemplations. These
are also called Anupreksha.