(1) The Jivatatva
(The conscious principle):
Our soul is like a lake. Just as the lake has pure and
pellucid water, the soul has infinite knowledge, boundless
faith, limitless spiritual felicity but through such
canals as attachment, hatred, passion, illusion, etc.
the rubbish of Karmas flows into the lake of our soul.
On account of this, the tremendous purity of the soul,
its infinite knowledge, felicity etc. have been polluted.
The Ajivatatva (The inert objects):
This rubbish of Karmas is of two kinds. Some part of
it has fine colour and the other part of it has a dirty
The Punyatatva (The principle of merit):
This is rubbish which is partially good and which has a
The Paptatva (The principle of sin):
This is rubbish, which is absolutely bad and has a disgusting
The Asravatatva (The principle of influx):
The Asravatatva is the name given to the passage through
which the two kinds of rubbish mentioned above enter the
soul. Asrav means flow. It is the passage through which
the rubbish of Karmas enters the lake of the soul.
The Samvartatva (The principle of blocking the passage):
Samvaran actually means checking or blocking. The Samvartatvais
is the method by means of which we can check the rubbish
of Karmas from passing into the lake of the soul. Blocking
the passages of ashrav and placing lids against them is
The Bandha Tatva (The principle of bondage):
The Karmas that flows into the lake of the soul through
various passages and become united in the pure and pellucid
waters of the soul become assimilated into the soul. Bandha
or bondage is the name given to the process of the Karmas
becoming assimilated into the soul and absorbed in it.
The Nirjara Tatva (The principle of annihilation):
Nirjara means destroying Karmas. The rubbish in the soul
has to be eradicated and the soul has to be cleansed. Just
as we purify the impure water in a lake by means of chemicals,
we have to cleanse the soul and purify it by means of Tapas
or austerities. As the various Karmas get destroyed, to
that extent the water in the soul comprising knowledge etc.
(9) The Moksha Tatva (The principle of salvation):
When all the passages through which the rubbish comes into
the soul have been fully removed, the water becomes pure
and pellucid again. In the same manner, when all the impurities
in the lake of the soul have been completely removed, when
all the Karmas have been completely destroyed, then the
infinite knowledge, boundless faith, boundless purity, endless
and ineffable felicity manifest themselves. When all the
bondages of Karmas have been completely broken and cut off,
the jiva attains its natural form. Moksha is totally natural
form of the liberated soul, totally released from bondages
of Karmas, the body, the senses etc.